Using community-based interventions to improve disease prevention practices of caregivers of under-5s in Ile-Ife, southwestern Nigeria

O M Ebuehi


Objectives. To compare caregivers’ knowledge and practice of key disease prevention household and community practices in two local government areas (LGAs), in one of which Community-Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (C-IMCI) had been implemented.

Design. A cross-sectional design.

Setting. Osun State, Nigeria, between August and September 2007.

Subjects. Mothers or caregivers of children 0 - 59 months of age and their index children.

Results. The IMCI key disease prevention practices were generally better applied in the C-IMCI-compliant LGA than in the non-compliant LGA.

Significant differences were observed in the proportion of caregivers who would wash their hands with soap after using the toilet (p=0.0445), after attending to a child who has passed stool (p=0.000), before feeding a child (p=0.000), before preparing food (p=0.000), and before eating (p=0.0385).

More caregivers from the compliant than the non-compliant LGA had ever used a method to prevent malaria. More than a quarter of caregivers from the non-compliant LGA did not use any method to prevent malaria.

More caregivers from the non-compliant LGA showed deficiencies in their knowledge base of HIV/AIDS infection. Knowledge was particularly poor with respect to mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Only 39% of caregivers from the non-compliant LGA believed that a child can be infected with HIV/AIDS.

Author's affiliations

O M Ebuehi, DR

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caregivers, CIMCI, disease prevention practices

Cite this article

South African Journal of Child Health 2010;4(2):32.

Article History

Date submitted: 2009-02-12
Date published: 2010-06-28

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