Case Reports

Acute necrotising encephalopathy: A rare but important differential diagnosis

M Hauptfleisch, L G Scher, T Pillay, T Kilborn

Abstract


We describe a patient with the classic clinical and radiological findings of acute necrotising encephalopathy and present a review of the current literature. Although it is a rare condition, we believe it should always be considered in an encephalopathic child when the specific radiological findings are seen. This is of particular importance given that early treatment has been reported to result in better outcomes.


Authors' affiliations

M Hauptfleisch, Paediatric Neurology, Department of Paediatrics, Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

L G Scher, Paediatric Neurology, Department of Paediatrics, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

T Pillay, Department of Radiology, Nelson Mandela Children’s Hospital, Honorary Lecturer University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

T Kilborn, Department of Radiology, Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital, University of Cape Town, South Africa

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Cite this article

South African Journal of Child Health 2021;15(2):118-120. DOI:10.7196/SAJCH.2021.v15i2.01812

Article History

Date submitted: 2021-07-21
Date published: 2021-07-21

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