Articles

Epidemiological factors in admissions for diarrhoea in 6 - 60-month-old children admitted to Morogoro Regional Hospital, Tanzania

Rebecca Oketcho, Cornelio N M Nyaruhucha, Saifuddin Taybali, Esron D Karimuribo

Abstract


Objectives. To describe the diarrhoea admissions and the influencing factors in six - 60-month-old children at Morogoro Regional Hospital.

Design. A retrospective descriptive study of the type of diarrhoea, patient age, home address, nutritional status, diagnosed infection, month of admission, admission duration and outcome.

Setting. A hospital-based study: paediatric admissions at Morogoro Regional Hospital.

Subjects. All children aged 6 - 60 months admitted to the infectious diseases ward over the 60-month period from May 2006 to April 2011.

Results. A total of 4 988 records were extracted, among which the prevalence of diarrhoea was 2 855 (57.2%). Among the 2 855 children with diarrhoea, the majority (2 536 (88.8%)), were 6 - 24 months old, with peak admissions at 7 months and 12 months. District of residence, season, undernutrition and infection were the factors significantly associated (p<0.001) with the age at which children were admitted with diarrhoea.

Conclusions. There were increased numbers of admissions for diarrhoea at the ages of 7 months and 12 months, during the dry season and together with diagnosed infection, particularly malaria. However, further study on causes of childhood diarrhoea, given the identified risk factors, may better explain the epidemiology of diarrhoea in Morogoro.

Authors' affiliations

Rebecca Oketcho, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Public Health, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro

Cornelio N M Nyaruhucha, Department of Food Science and Technology, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro

Saifuddin Taybali, Morogoro Regional Hospital, Morogoro

Esron D Karimuribo, Department of Veterinary Medicine and Public Health, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania

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Keywords

children, diarrhoea, infections, seasons, undernutrition

Cite this article

South African Journal of Child Health 2012;6(3):81-84. DOI:10.7196/SAJCH.479

Article History

Date submitted: 2012-06-28
Date published: 2012-08-23

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