The current pattern of gestational age-related anthropometric parameters of term Nigerian neonates

Olubanke Oluwafemi, Fidelis Njokanma, Elizabeth Disu, Tinuade Ogunlesi


Background. Weight and length at birth reflect the quality of intra-uterine growth and exert a strong influence on postnatal survival.

Objective. To determine the current range of anthropometric measurements of term Nigerian neonates.

Methods. Consecutive term singleton mother-baby pairs were surveyed in the first 24 hours after birth. Weight, length, occipitofrontal circumference (OFC) and ponderal index were determined.

Results. A total of 825 babies (440 males and 385 females) were studied. The overall mean birth weight (± standard deviation (SD)) of the study subjects was 3 233±539 g, the mean ±SD length 49.0±2.5 cm, the mean ±SD OFC 34.6±1.4 cm, and the mean ±SD ponderal index 2.7±0.4 g/cm3.

Conclusion. The anthropometric parameters of the Nigerian infants studied were within the range previously reported for Africa and other developing countries, but lower than figures from some developed countries.


Authors' affiliations

Olubanke Oluwafemi, Mother and Child Hospital, Akure, Nigeria

Fidelis Njokanma, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria

Elizabeth Disu, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria

Tinuade Ogunlesi, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Nigeria

Full Text



Anthropometry; gestational age

Cite this article

South African Journal of Child Health 2013;7(3):100-104. DOI:10.7196/SAJCH.490

Article History

Date submitted: 2012-08-02
Date published: 2013-08-30

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