Case Reports

Achalasia cardia in children: A report of two cases

Nausheen Khan, Cuan Liebenberg, Farhana Suleman

Abstract


Oesophageal achalasia is a neuromuscular disorder of unknown aetiology, characterised by abnormal motility of the oesophagus and failure of the lower oesophageal sphincter to relax. This causes an abnormal dilatation of the oesophagus and resultant symptoms of vomiting/regurgitation, dysphagia, chest pain and at times, signs of lung aspiration and infection. In children, it may present as a chronic cough. The condition usually presents in the 4th and 5th decades and has very rarely been described in children. We describe two cases of achalasia and their imaging findings in adolescents. 


Authors' affiliations

Nausheen Khan, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Cuan Liebenberg, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Farhana Suleman, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Full Text

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Keywords

Achalasia cardia

Cite this article

South African Journal of Child Health 2015;9(2):65-66. DOI:10.7196/SAJCH.855

Article History

Date submitted: 2014-09-12
Date published: 2015-01-29

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